Frequently asked questions

Jaundice

What is neonatal jaundice?


Jaundice is the yellow discoloration of baby’s skin, caused by a hindered breakdown of chemical in the blood called bilirubin.




Why does jaundice occur in newborns?


Everyone’s blood contains bilirubin, which is removed by the liver. Most babies develop jaundice in the first few days after birth because it takes a few days for the baby’s liver to get better at removing bilirubin.




How can I tell if my baby is jaundiced?


The skin of a baby with jaundice will appear yellow. The best way to see jaundice is in good light, such as daylight. Jaundice appears first in the face and then moves to the chest, tummy, arms, and then legs as the bilirubin level increases. The whites of the eyes may also be yellow. Jaundice may be harder to see in babies with darker skin color.




Can jaundice hurt my baby?


Most infants have jaundice that is harmless, but in unusual situations the bilirubin level can get very high and might cause brain damage. This is why newborns should be checked carefully for jaundice and treated to prevent a very high bilirubin level.




How can my baby be checked for jaundice?


If your baby looks jaundiced in the first few days after birth, your baby’s doctor or nurse may do a blood test to check your baby’s bilirubin level. The blood test will most often be done via a heel prick test. If transcutaneous bilirubinometer is available at the clinic, it may be used as well.




Does breastfeeding affect jaundice?


Jaundice is more common in babies who are breastfed than babies who are formula-fed, especially in babies who are not nursing well. If you are breastfeeding, you should nurse your baby at least 8 to 12 times a day for the first few days to help you produce enough milk. If you are having trouble breastfeeding, ask your baby’s doctor or nurse or a lactation specialist for help. Breast milk is the ideal food for your baby.




When should my newborn get checked after leaving the hospital?


It is important for your baby to be seen by a doctor when the baby is between 3 and 5 days old, because this is usually when a baby’s bilirubin level is highest. The timing of this visit will depend on your baby’s age when discharged from the hospital and other factors.




Which babies require more attention for jaundice?


Some babies have a greater risk for high levels of bilirubin and may need to be seen sooner after discharge from the hospital. Your baby may need an early follow-up visit if your baby has any of the following:
 A high bilirubin level before leaving the hospital
 Early birth (more than 2 weeks before the due date)
 Jaundice in the first 24 hours after birth
 Breastfeeding that is not going well
 A lot of bruising or bleeding under the scalp
 A parent or sibling who had high bilirubin and received phototherapy




When should I bring my baby to see a doctor?


If your baby’s skin turns more yellow, your baby’s tummy, arms, or legs are yellow or if your baby is jaundiced and is hard to wake, fussy, or not feeding well.




How can jaundice be prevented?


Most jaundice requires no treatment. When treatment is needed, your baby will need to be placed undressed under special lights (phototherapy) in the hospital nursery to lower the bilirubin level. Treatment for jaundice is started at levels that are much lower than those at which brain damage is a concern. Please do not put your baby in sunlight. Although this might help lower the bilirubin level, it is unsafe as your baby might get sunburned or dehydrated (lose his body water).




When does jaundice go away?


In breastfed infants, jaundice often lasts for more than 2 to 3 weeks. In formula-fed infants, most jaundice goes away by 2 weeks. If your baby is jaundiced for more than 2 weeks, see your baby’s doctor.





PTMaster

What is PTMaster PRO used for?


PTMaster PRO is an integrated system of monitoring and phototherapy for jaundiced infants, specifically designed to be used in hospitals and clinics.




What is the PTMaster HOME used for?


PTMaster HOME is purpose-built for home environment, ensuring excellent jaundice management even after being discharged from the hospital, giving the parents a peace of mind.





BiliScanner

When is BiliScanner coming out?


BiliScanner is due to be released in 2022.





BiliMonitor

When is BiliMonitor coming out?


BiliMonitor is due to be released in 2020.